Andhra Pradesh : The Rice Granary of India
Located in south India, Andhra Pradesh is bounded by Tamil Nadu in the south, Maharashtra in the north and northwest, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa in the northeast, Karnataka in the west, and by the Bay of Bengal in the east. It is situated on the Deccan plateau and is one of the oldest geological formations of the country.
Although a typical tropical climate, Andhra region is quite either washed away by floods or hit by harsh famines. The winters can get crisp and chilly while the summers are sweltering with heat and dust. The best time to enjoy the life of Andhra is during the winter months.
About Andhra Pradesh:
Andhra Pradesh laced with the vast coastline of nearly 1000 kms to the east of India is the fifth largest state of the Indian Subcontinent and one of the oldest in geological terms. The land is the cultural link between the north eastern states of Orissa, West Bengal, Assam and the others and the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The cultural symphony is seen all through the state. Once separated in three different regions, namely the Telangana, the Andhra and the Rayal seema, Andhra Pradesh as a state with the capital of Hyderabad came into existence only in 1956.
The history of the state goes back to the pre -Aryan era. It is believed that some of the Aryans came down south and mingled with the locals thus forming a different clan altogether. The state rose to prominence only after the Mauryan emperor Ashoka came here spreading Buddhism. Andhra was ruled by the Satvahan dynasty which controlled much of Southern India during 2nd century B.C. It was during the time of the Satvahanas that international trade was on full spree especially with China, the Far East and the Middle East.
The Satvahan dynasty flourished till the Pallavas form far south came into the picture. It was also the Chalukyas, and the Cholas, who ruled over the Telgu speaking region. The Kaktiyas and the Vijayanagars left their impact as the rule ended. With the Qutub Shahi came the Islamic invasion around the 16th century A.D. The Islamic glory reached to its Zenith with the Nizam's of Hyderabad, who were supposed to be the richest rulers in the world.
Eventually as the fate of whole of India, Andhra too went under the British rule and the new state was formed in 1956 by combining all the Telgu speaking areas under one umbrella. Today Andhra stands a witness to all that has passed. Known as the Rice Granary of India, this fertile land has a vast coast line with beautiful beaches where one can spot dolphins.
With ancient caves at Borra and the hi-tech city of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh definitely symbolizes the harmony of the old with the new. Andhra Pradesh is full of monuments and places and various things which have been the pioneers in breaking the routine path. The World's tallest masonry dam Nagarjunasagar stands proudly across the River Krishna and so does the Lord Venkateshwara, in the richest temple of the world in Tirupathi. While the world's highest broad-gauge railway track between Vishakhapattanam and Anantgiri stand with pride, so do the Borra caves, the oldest, nearly a million years old. The amazing Charminar and the world's largest one man collection, the Salarjung museum can excite young and old equally. Today it has the first Lion safari in South Asia as well as the largest film city in South Asia.
Andhra has been the origin of the Kuchipudi dance and Kalamkari art. Although the culinary delights offered in Andhra Pradesh makes ones mouth water, so does ones nose and eyes! The lip smacking food is tasty and equally spicy. The pearls and the bangles of Hyderabad, the pickles of Guntur, the toys of Kondapalli are enough to empty ones pockets as well.